Shanghai Education: Building Long Private Schools – Private Education – Education Industry
Establish pension system, the implementation of legal property rights … … Shanghai has introduced nine initiatives, building Private Education The development of long-term mechanism behind these initiatives, reflecting the development of private education in Shanghai What mind? Reporter Interview The Shanghai Education Commission Deputy Director of Private Education Management Wei Li.
Reporter: Why is the establishment of private schools to support teaching and administrative staff into the government pension system one of the conditions?
Li Wei: This is mainly to stabilize the private school teachers, faculty gradually improve their treatment after retirement. According to research in the private schools under the existing legal framework, corporate property is private non-enterprise units, rather than institutions, teachers hardly cause of the preparation. The establishment is entitled to various benefits, the private school teachers have not prepared, in the job classification, seniority calculations, retirement pension, medical insurance with the Public school teachers are different, difficult and Public School teachers have full equal treatment and legal status .
Currently, the legal property of private schools is still not resolved the fundamental premise for the stability of private school teachers, we encourage the establishment of private schools teaching staff pension system for private school teachers to purchase additional pension insurance, in order to improve their retirement treatment. Therefore, the Municipal Board of Education issued a circular calling for private schools participating countries in accordance with the law of statutory basic pension insurance and to fulfill payment obligations based on the affordability of private schools to establish a voluntary supplementary pension insurance system. This put this policy into government support funds were one of the conditions is that the private schools to further promote this work.
Reporter: Why strengthen the management of private schools in financial norms, the private schools into the government financial management practices to support one of the conditions?
Li Wei: This is mainly the Government’s public financial investment in order to ensure the safety and effectiveness. According to research, Shanghai, the financial management of private schools there are some problems: First, large differences between the financial accounting system, financial accounting, accounting system has used private non-enterprise, business, institutions, and other stock of the accounting system, accounting wide variety of subjects setting, financial Software Different forms of accounting report can not reflect the actual operating conditions in schools. The second is between private schools and organized structure of property rights is not clear, particularly in private schools do not implement the legal property rights, no real sense of the independent legal status. Third, private schools arbitrariness strong fund management, mainly tuition income and government funding of public financial support, lack of special regulation. Fourth, the private school’s performance evaluation system has not been established, the Government has no way to obtain information on private schools, school costs, the quality of their school, no way to evaluate school effectiveness, which continued to increase government support for public finances, evaluate benefits and challenges of using funds .
This, combined with Shanghai characteristics of private schools, we study the development of a private school financial management and accounting methods, and on January 1, 2009 start. This private school in the strengthen financial management practices and improve the quality of accounting to achieve good results, achieving a Private University’s budget, special, accounting, reporting, unified management, cost accounting private schools colleges and universities and the government to provide funding for monitoring the Technology Protection.
Reporter: Why seven departments in Shanghai jointly develop “Private colleges and universities in Shanghai to promote the implementation of measures to implement Property Rights”?
Li Wei: This is mainly to protect the private colleges as a separate corporate entity shall have the basic conditions for running. Currently, most private colleges not yet been implemented Shanghai corporate property rights, First, some private colleges in the start-up that is in the name of project organizers, and access to land began this school, and when the approval of the establishment of private universities failed to land school premises and other assets, and timely transfer to the school name. Second, the organizers will generally not be fully funded school, is the name of the land, premises or have been pledged, the school has more difficult access to credit, so the organizers can not be released from the transfer of assets pledged to the school’s name . Third, the organizers have not yet been clear statement of the “reasonable return” there is hope, and fear not protected the interests of investors. For various complicated reasons, the implementation of private colleges Shanghai Property Rights has now become the bottleneck restricting their development.